Types of lighting

SIDE LIGHTING
 

This lighting emphasizes texture on your subject.  It can be dramatic and used to show the details.

 

Side lighting in portraits can create dramatic scary effects.

 

Stack of Tires

BACK LIGHTING
 

Back lighting can be the trickiest because the camera is shooting into the light.  This is used when trying to create a silhouette affect of your subject.

Before the Gig

Reflector Lighting
 

Using a reflector when lighting will reflect light onto a dark part of a subject.  A white piece of poster board or paper can be used when a reflector isn't available.  Car sun shades can also be used to achieve the same affect.

This is used popularly when shooting portraits.

Beauty Photography

FLAT LIGHTING
 

Flat lighting is used to create images with a small amount of shadows.  This can be done during an overcast day or in the mornings and evenings when the sun isn't too high. 

 

Ceramic Kitchenware